Organic horticulture is a hobby of great patience and a green thumb. This is a hobby where the goal is to grow food that is healthy and pesticide free. This all sounds easy, but the process can sometimes feel complicated. Read the following tips to discover how to begin horticulture like a pro.
Your plants need to adapt and must be gradually introduced to changes in temperature or condition. You need to give them about an hour of sunlight during the first day. Over the week, try gradually increasing the time they’re left outside. At week’s end, the plants should be welcoming of their new home.
Plant a variety of annuals, biennials and perennials to keep your flower beds bright. Fast-growing annuals and biennials can brighten up a flower bed, and allow you to change the look from season to season and year to year. These kinds of flowers are also excellent for filling in gaps between shrubs and perennials in sunny areas. There are plenty of varieties including petunia, marigold, cosmos, sunflower, hollyhock, and rudbeckia.
Yes, you really have to weed. Weeds steal nutrients from plants, robbing a garden of its potential harvest. White vinegar can be used as a natural herbicide. White vinegar kills weeds. Apply it full strength to any areas where weeds are a problem.
When you decide to add vegetables into your garden space, be aware that they must be placed where they will receive direct sunlight for a minimum of six hours daily. This allows the vegetables to grow quickly and healthily. Many flowers also require adequate sunlight to flourish.
For an unusual, but effective, organic solution to weeding young plants, try “boiling” the weeds away. Boiling water is a safe herbicide which won’t damage your garden or your body. All you need to do is apply boiling water right to the weeds you want to get rid of. Be careful not to get any on the plants you want to keep. The roots of the weeds are damaged by the boiling water which, in turn, inhibits further growth.
Irises can be easily divided. You can divide those overgrown clumps and increase the amount of irises you have. If you notice a dead foliage, lift the bulb. The bulbs should split naturally, and the replanted bulbs will usually flower within a year. If you have a rhizome you will need to split it with a knife. New pieces should be cut from the outside, then the old center you want to discard. A strong offshoot is needed on every piece that you decide to plant. All that is left to do is immediately replant the pieces you have created and let the cycle begin anew.
You can prevent pests from invading your garden with certain plants and natural materials. A border of marigolds or onions around your veggies can prevent slugs. Keep insects away from shrub and tree seedlings with mulch containing wood ash. These methods remove the need for harsh chemical pesticides.
To give them a helping hand, pour the water you obtain after steaming vegetables over your plants. In order to help acidify the soil for plants like gardenias and rhododendrons, you can use coffee and tea grounds. Chamomile tea is effective in combating a fungus problem within your garden.
Use only pesticides designed to kill the specific type of pest in your garden, and avoid the broad-spectrum kind. These kinds of pesticides kill the helpful insects that destroy the pests. Beneficial insects are more susceptible to toxic pesticides than their annoying counterparts, so a broad-spectrum pesticide could kill all of the good bugs first, allowing the population of bad pests to multiply. If this happens, you just fuel an expanding cycle of needing even more pesticides.
To succeed at a nature based hobby like organic horticulture, you need a little hard work and a whole lot of patience. It is a hobby that uses the land to grow something delicious. All it takes is a little studying and practice to become a successful organic gardener.